Motorcycle Helmet Technology
Head Protection Improves with New Research Developments and Safety Standards
- World's First Snell-Approved Modular Helmet - LS2 Helmets offers the FF394 Epic, a tricomposite fiberglass shell with fully adjustable flow-through ventilation
- Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards §571.218 Standard No. 218; Motorcycle helmets (FMVSS No. 218) - a standard to establish minimum performance requirements for helmets designed for use by motorcyclists and other motor vehicle users, with the purpose of reducing deaths and injuries to motorcyclists and other motor vehicle users resulting from head impacts
- FMVSS No. 218 Laboratory Test Procedure - in PDF format
- FMVSS No. 218 Final Rule Published by NHTSA - effective May 13, 2013
This final rule revises the existing requirements for the "DOT" certification label and other labels and adds new requirements to make it more difficult to label novelty helmets misleadingly.
The other amendments will aid NHTSA in enforcing the standard by setting reasonable tolerances for certain test conditions, devices and procedures. Specifically, this final rule sets a quasi-static load application rate for the helmet retention system; revises the impact attenuation test by specifying test velocity and tolerance limits and removing the drop height test specification; provides tolerances for the helmet conditioning specifications and drop assembly weights; and revises requirements related to size labeling and location of the DOT symbol.
- Snell Memorial Foundation - a not-for-profit organization dedicated to research, education, testing, and development of helmet safety standards
- New Safety Helmet Technology to Save Hundreds of Lives - a November 20, 2009, report about a patented brain-cooling device called ThermaHelm
- Head Protection Research Laboratory (HPRL) - a California nonprofit public benefit research organization and scientific laboratory with extensive equipment for testing and evaluating helmets and other forms of head protection equipment
- Summary of Novelty Helmet Performance Testing - a NHTSA Traffic Safety Facts Research Note from April 2007
When compared to certified motorcycle helmets, novelty helmets perform significantly worse in terms of their ability to absorb impact energy during a motorcycle crash.
The Origins of Helmet-Effectiveness Studies
- Head Injuries in Motorcyclists with Special Reference to Crash Helmets - a May 1943 study published in the British Medical Journal
The crash helmet is effective in diminishing local damage to the brain and its coverings at the site of the impact and it tends to lower the incidence of cases of prolonged amnesia.
—authors Cairns and Holbourn